THE 7 SKIN TYPES AND HOW TO IDENTIFY YOURS

THE 7 SKIN TYPES AND HOW TO IDENTIFY YOURS.

I’m sure you are wondering why the products you are using isn’t working for you or you are not seeing any visible results and that’s probably because you are using the wrong product for your skin type. Yep!  So that tells you the importance of knowing your skin type.  This blog post is a bit lengthy and that’s because I have outlined and explained major skin types and how to quickly identify yours.

So the question is What’s your skin type?     

Dry Skin

When your skin feels a bit flaky and rough Then you have a dry skin. Dry skin lacks moisture and lipids – i.e. fats. It is therefore less elastic. it is tight and, in many cases, tends to itch. Dry skin is as a result of lack of oil production. It reacts to environmental influences in particular by becoming irritated. With special care creams, you can restore its moisture stores and strengthen your skin’s protective barriers. Its best you get products that are extra moisturizing.

How to identify dry skin;

  • It’s quite pale in colour
  • Can look Flaky in places
  • Feels uneven in texture
  • Fine lines around eyes and mouth

Oily Skin

Oily  skin is as a result of  sebaceous glands overproducing  oil (sebum) due to genetic makeup. Other causes can include hormones, humid climates, or over drying your skin which forces it to produce more oil. When your skin is shiny, or you notice a lot of excess oil on your face, neck, shoulders and back then you should know you have oily skin.

How to identify oily skin

  • Appears shiny
  • Large or open pores
  • Prone to Acne
  • Blackheads or whiteheads

Combination skin

As the name implies “combination” of both oily and dry skin. So what happens is that your T-ZONE (Forehead and Nose) is oily while your cheeks are dry. Combination skin can be a bit tricky because you have to deal with both skin types.

Normal Skin

Normal’ refers to a well-balanced skin. The scientific term for well-balanced skin is eudermic. The T-zone (forehead, chin and nose) may be a bit oily, but overall sebum and moisture is balanced and the skin is neither too oily nor too dry.

How to identify a Normal Skin:

  • It is very clean and clear, no spots and not greasy
  • It has fine pores
  • Good blood circulation
  • No discoloration
  • No blemishes
  • A velvety, soft and smooth texture
  • Not prone to skin sensitivity

Sensitive skin

If you have sensitive skin, you’ll be all too aware of the wide variety of emotional and environmental factors that can affect it – from a change of weather, to household pets, stress and even dust. Sensitive skin is caused by nerve endings in the top layer of skin becoming irritated. This occurs because your skin’s natural barrier function is weakened and has broken down due to a trigger.

How to identify a sensitive skin
•           Is sometimes sore or sensitive to touch
•           Flushes easily after a spicy meal or drinking alcohol
•           Has patches of redness that may or may not fade
•           Has areas of uneven texture, with dryness and flakiness
•           Reacts to skincare.
•           Becomes itchy or develops a rash after contact with irritants
•           Turns red and dries out after a hot shower or rigorous workout
•           Becomes irritable after continued washing with hard water.

Mature skin

As ageing skin cannot store moisture as effectively any more, Sebaceous glands produce less oil as you age. Women gradually produce less oil beginning after menopause. This can make it harder to keep the skin moist, resulting in dryness and itchiness.

How to identify a mature skin

  • Wrinkles
  • Dull complexion
  • Elasticity reduces
  • Less collagen production
  • Lines become deeper around the face
  • Skin gets looser on the neck.

Dehydrated skin

Dehydrated skin, is a skin condition that is caused by external elements (weather and seasonal changes), unhealthy diet (lack of fresh produce) and lifestyle choices (alcohol or caffeine consumption). All of these factors deplete your skin’s water content, resulting in a less supple appearance. A key takeaway is that dehydration is characterized by a lack of water – not oil; even oily skin types can become dehydrated. Luckily, dehydrated skin is temporary and can be relieved with a combination of topical treatments and lifestyle changes. Drinking lots of water is essential in combating dehydrated skin.

How to identify a Dehydrated skin

  • Dark under eye circle
  • Itchy patches
  • Sensitive skin areas.

Hopefully this can help you identify your skin type and  help you pick the right products.

 

 

Why did I see such a big improvement when I first started a new skincare routine?

 

You very well might be correct in what you are seeing. What can happen with people is their skin can reach a visible plateau where they forget what their skin looked like before they started using new products. For example, let’s say your goal is to brighten your skin and you recently started using an exfoliating acid serum and a vitamin C serum, which you have never used before. These types of products will give fast  results, and it’s not uncommon for us to hear from our customers “I just started using your products two weeks ago and I can already see a huge difference!” What occurs is that once these type of products have started to fade unwanted pigment from your skin and create a more even-toned look, there are fewer results that you might see over time. It’s simply a perception situation in that what you are seeing now is the new normal.

STOP DOING THESE THINGS TO YOUR SKIN IF YOU WEAR MAKEUP

  1. You shouldn’t be going to bed with your makeup on.

It’s important to know that your skin is incredibly dirty at night due to:

  • sebum (oil) that secretes through your pores
  • bacteria from touching your face all day with your hands and dirt under your nails (without even realizing it)
  • makeup from setting powders, primers, blushes and liquid foundations

Letting your skin marinate in dirt, oil, and makeup all day and night can lead to clogged pores, breakouts, and contribute to a dull-looking complexion. It’s so important to cleanse your skin every night and perform a nighttime routine for your skin type.

2.     Don’t count on cleansing wipes to remove your makeup.

Despite their convenience, I never suggest cleansing wipes (only), to remove face makeup because they don’t truly clean the skin. Instead, they smear dirt, bacteria, oil, and makeup across it. A cleanser without the addition of any water will break down and dissolve the dirt in the oily portion of the soap (surfactant) molecule only and remove it onto the wipe. However, it’s the actual rinsing action from water that removes it and cleans the skin. Essentially, using a wipe is like applying cleanser to your face with soap and then not washing it off.

3.     Stop thinking that makeup is bad for your skin and that you need to let it breathe.

For starters, the skin doesn’t have a respiratory system so the concept of the skin “breathing” is a myth. The real truth is that face makeup when in the form of powder or liquid foundation, gives additional protection from the sun, even if it doesn’t list an SPF number. Since protecting your skin from UV light during the day should be priority #1, makeup can be extremely beneficial. Of course, you’ll want to choose the right type of makeup for your skin type to ensure it’s the best fit. (especially if your skin is not acne prone).

4.     Stop tugging on your eyes when removing mascara and eye makeup.

Why is the eye area the first place on the face to show aging? It’s because the skin is very thin and it gets the most wear and tear from smiling, squinting and rubbing. (For those who are taking in and out their contact lenses every day, this adds additional stress to the skin tissue.) It’s very important to be mindful of being delicate with the skin especially when removing eye makeup.

Pro tip: Saturate a cotton pad with an oil-free liquid eye makeup remover and hold it onto the eye area for 30 seconds to melt away the eye makeup and mascara before gently wiping away.

5.     Don’t neglect your makeup brushes.

I know it takes effort but if you’re not washing your makeup brushes at least once a month, they are truly filthy and are introducing dirt, oil, and bacteria to your skin every time they are touching your face. This is definitely not helping your skin’s health. Ideally, you would be washing them weekly or even more often for acne-prone skin types, but if you’re hardly ever washing them, then make it a goal to at least do it once a month. (As I’m writing this, it’s also a reminder that I’m long overdue for washing mine!) If you’re using a Beauty Blender (those trendy, bouncy makeup sponges), be sure to wash those after each use and replace it after three months.

6.     Don’t allow your makeup to interfere with the natural healing process of a blemish.

The goal with any blemish is to make it go away as fast as possible with the least amount of scarring, right? Well, I’m here to tell you that your makeup could be causing a problem. When you have a blemish, there is infection and inflammation, and when makeup and concealer are applied, the oils and synthetic perfumes can travel into the blemish and further the aggravation. (In addition to touching your face all day with dirty hands!) After applying sunscreen, wipe the affected area with a damp cotton swab and apply a thin layer of your treatment. This creates an invisible seal over the blemish to prevent makeup applied afterward from disrupting the healing process..

 

STEPS I TAKE TO AVOID NEGATIVE REACTION TO NEW SKINCARE PRODUCTS!!

STEPS I TAKE TO AVOID NEGATIVE REACTION TO NEW SKINCARE PRODUCTS!!

Now because of my job and love for skincare products I am constantly trying out new skincare. Sometimes they turn out great and other times my skin pays for it badly, so ill share the steps I take before trying out a new product. Now if you have sensitive or acne prone skin, incorporating new skin care products into your routine can be a scary thing simply because you just don’t know how your skin will respond, even if it’s a product for your skin type, things can just go wrong. Here are some things you need to know when trying out new skin care products.

1) Know your skintype: its really important to know your skin type before you try any particular product. This is my first basic rule (For example, so many people with oily skin always use products for controlling their oil, when in fact they really need to focus on putting water-based hydration into the skin.) basically if you know your skin type you would not need to try some skincare products.

2) Perform a patch test. If you have extremely sensitive and allergic skin, it’s always recommended to do a patch test for compatibility prior to using any new products. When you’re trying a new line you’re excited to dive right in and use everything, but if you have a negative reaction to something you’ll never know what it was. You might make some of your own assumptions, but it’s really hard for you to determine for sure.
The side of the neck is a good starting point for true compatibility because it’s thinner and generally more reactive. The idea is that if it can be tolerated on your neck, then you can feel confident that it will be okay on the face. Also, should you encounter a negative reaction such as an itchy, red rash, you might want it to appear on the neck rather than on your face.

Note: The product category that allergic skins are most reactive to are products that you would leave on the skin (moisturizer, serum, toner, eye cream) as opposed to a cleanser that you apply and rinse right off. Also, if you are doing a patch test with a product that contains Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid, Salicylic Acid or other AHA’s, it is normal that the skin may be slightly pink but this should usually subside within 10-15 minutes, especially if moisturizer is applied on the skin over it.
What to do if you have an allergic reaction? If you ever use a product and break out in a rash, you can apply cold plain yogurt to the affected area, Leave on 15 minutes rinse and repeat every three hours. Also you can use hydrocortisone.

3) Introduce your products slowly. When using new products, even if you have patch-tested and no negative reaction has occurred, I still believe that it is best to only introduce one new product every five days. This way, if a negative reaction should occur, you are able to pinpoint which product it may be, and then you will have this helpful knowledge for future skin care purchases.

xoxoxo

7 Signs Your Skin Care Routine Needs To Be Changed..

Hi guys, so its been a minute but I am back again with my skincare banter. I am talking about this because during the course of my work I have encountered a lot of these issues, and here are 7 things I can think of from the top of my head that people deal with daily but are not sure how to handle, I hope this helps someone out there.

 

While skin issues can be linked to all manner of reasons hormones, diet, stress, etc. Sometimes all it takes to set things straight is a change in your skin care routine. Take a look at the following signs to see if your skin is a prime candidate for a product transition.

 

  1. Your breakouts worsen after treatment.

If you’ve recently started a topical course of acne treatment and your skin gets worse, the active ingredient in your product may be too active for you right now. If you have never used a product with Glycolic acid, Vitamin A or Vitamin C before, the skin in most cases needs to adjust to the extra strength. Once it detoxifies the skin, it will calm down. Reducing the use of the active product to every other night will usually help this, what I mean is allowing your skin to adjust gradually.

 

  1. Your dry skin is excessively dry.

If you’re cleansing your dry skin with a creamy cleanser, but it’s getting worse instead of better, you could have a double drying issue. The problem with some creamy cleansers is that they’re not exfoliating, nor do they contain natural oils to help replenish dry skin with lipids. Switch to a cleanser that contains more oil, or add a pre-wash that contains Argan oil, lipid oil or nut oil.

 

  1. Your oily skin is excessively dry.

It may sound like a Joke, but oily skin that flakes and feels tight and dry is actually a pretty common occurrence. People with oily skin tend to use cleansers and toners that are over stripping to the skin, causing the acid mantle to become unbalanced. This causes the body to produce even more oil to balance things out and making things worse. Switch to a cleanser that is less drying, preferably one with Glycolic acid to exfoliate the skin and remove the oil.” A hydrating serum like hyaluronic serum should also help.

 

  1. You have new freckles.

Trust me I have seen a lot of girls in Nigeria with freckles. Some may be hereditary, others hormones but if you just get it randomly then its actually hyper pigmentation due to sun damage. And the issue may be your sunscreen (or lack of it). Many people underestimate the importance of using a daily sunscreen that protects against UVA and UVB rays. Switch to a formula that covers both types of rays, or increase the SPF if the product you use now already protects against both. To work on brown spots during your product transition, try incorporating products that have higher concentrations of Peptides and/or Kojic acid ingredients.

 

  1. Your skin is super red.

This is more prevalent in light skinned girls, while some of them may just have a natural blush and there is nothing to it, most times if your skin has an angry shade of red its an indication that something in your product ingredient list may be too harsh for your skin. Cleansers that contain sulphates or benzoyl peroxide are common culprits, so review the list of ingredients and switch to one that is free of both.

 

6.   Your skin stings or itches.

If your skin begins to sting, itch or appear blotchy, it may be the victim of over exfoliation. “These days there are so many exfoliation products that are used daily as opposed to weekly. When you strip the acid mantle, you remove the protective layer of your skin, which makes you more prone to photosensitization. Switch to a product that’s gentler on the skin and follow the directions religiously. If it says use once a week, then once a week is all it will take to achieve the best results.

 

  1. Your skin has tiny bumps.

Do you have small, white bumps on the surface of your skin? This is the No 1 indication of an allergic reaction. These types of bumps are very tiny, do not resemble whiteheads and may be accompanied by redness. For the first step, try using

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without so many chemicals in them. Look for products that have natural ingredients and are fragrance-free. To ease the transition, apply calming ingredients such as aloe vera or honey.